Common Body of Knowledge (CBOK)

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Core Body of Knowledge(CBOK)

Core Body of Knowledge

A standard core body of knowledge is defined as a living reference that constitutes collective knowledge. The critical factor explained within are termed as areas of knowledge that reflect practices with the profession. The practices may include associated tasks and activities and necessary skills for effective execution.

The effective execution and professional standards and guidance are used by the profession’s followers like International Professional Practices Framework (IPPF), which includes guidance and recommended guidance. The IIA has decided to refer to common knowledge of the internal audit profession as the Common Body of Knowledge of Internal Auditing. 


From the beginning of Standards for the Professional Practice of Internal Auditing and Certified Internal Auditor certification program in the early 1970s. They were focused on internal auditing. First and foremost, CBOK takes place in 1972, accompanied by several projects done by various groups. 

In 2005, the Internal Audit Foundation was formed by William G. Bishop III. The fund was supported by CBOK 2006, which was a comprehensive global study on the internal audit profession. On top of that, the CBOK study was created to build the project and to support the profession in staying appropriate, vigorous, and far-sighted, regular cyclic research as necessary; the CBOK study came into existence.

CBOK study provides a diverse overview of how the profession develops and how it is being executed and perceived worldwide.

CBOK study components provide a rich overview of how the profession develops and how it is being practiced and viewed worldwide. CBOK study contains.

  1. Conformance with and suitability of the IPPF Recent status of the internal audit activity within the company
  2. Types of Audits and activities being performed
  3. Internal Auditors tools and techniques
  4. Skills and knowledge of internal audit
  5. Key Areas of Knowledge of ACS RPL

Section 1

Section 1 is evaluated on The ACS Core Body of Knowledge for ICT Professionals (CBOK). You need to mention about your experience and qualifications meet the preferred Areas of Knowledge. You also need to specify how and where your experience meets the requirements. It would be best if you had to pick up one topic from Essential Core ICT Knowledge( Topic 1 or Topic 2) and another topic from General ICT Knowledge ( Topic3, Topic4, or Topic5). You need to make sure that you address at least two subtopics from the chosen topic.

Essential Core ICT Knowledge

Any ICT Professionals require Essential Core ICT Knowledge. This topic contains ICT Professional Knowledge and ICT Problem Solving. As an ICT graduate, you need to understand two knowledge areas: ICT Problem Solving and ICT Professional Knowledge.

Common Body of Knowledge

Topic 1: ICT Professional Knowledge

ICT Professional Knowledge comprises the following sub-topics:

a. Ethics

It includes fundamental ethical notions like responsibility, harm, benefits, respect, virtues, and consequences. Fundamental ethical theories include the ACS Code of Professional Conduct ethics committees; Methods of ethical analysis; Technique of ethical reflection; Procedure of ethical repair and recovery; ICT-related ethical issues like compromising quality, societal, and conflict of interest.  

b. Professional Expectations

This topic should include expertise, certification, autonomy, brilliance, knowledge, reflection, responsibility, and liability.

c. Teamwork Issues and Concepts

This topic should cover collaboration, team collaboration, dynamics, leadership, team development, and group work.

d. Communication

This topic should include oral and written presentations, prepare users' documentation, technical report writing, and development of interpersonal skills.

e. Societal Issues

This topic includes a history of computing and ICT discipline. Also, it contains other societal issues like privacy and civil liberties, intellectual property, and other legal issues. 

Topic 2: ICT Problem Solving

Professionals should have some knowledge of their boundaries, where their discipline began and ends. Moreover, they should understand the ongoing issues.

It contains the various methods and tools used for handling distraction that could differ from the branch of ICT, from circuit diagrams to data modeling tools to business processing. It is essential to know about these areas as it shows some of the creativity and innovation as it is the essential thing in the ICT professionals. Understanding and recognizing these factors help to identify the unique factor in the ICT Professions.

In other words, there is no other discipline that focuses on developing artifacts like computers and information systems. Since it is abstract and, complex tools and techniques are applied. ICT Professionals cannot handle direct products of other disciplines like drugs, buildings, bridges, and more. Therefore, high problem-solving skills are required to handle abstraction. Modeling plays a vital role in problem-solving. Its sub-topics are:

a. Modeling Methods

b. Procedure to understand problems

c. Methods and tools for handling abstraction

General ICT Knowledge

Along with ICT Knowledge i..e, Problem Solving, and ICT professional Knowledge, all ICT candidates need to have a broad knowledge of the ICT discipline.

Topic 3: Technology Resources

Technology resources contain the following sub-topics:

a. Hardware and Software Fundamentals

A basic understanding and knowledge about the components of computer systems are necessary, along with computer architecture and organization. It also includes memory, storage systems, input and output devices, system operating systems, application system software, and others.

b. Information and Data Management

An understanding of how data are manipulated, represented, organized, and retrieved from databases and files. This topic includes data modeling, database management systems( DBMS).

Similarly, they also need to provide an environment for shared data; they should know about the nature of data, guardianship, acquisition, and knowledge transmission through technologies. 

c. Networking

Networking is a compelling part of today's lifestyle. It includes data communications and networking fundamentals. Concepts of Network Protocols and Standards are necessary. Similarly, knowledge of wireless and mobile computing and the distributed system is a must known factor. 

Topic 4: Technology Building

Different topics included in technology building are:

a. Human factors

Every new invention should not affect human factors. Hence ICT Professionals need to understand users' needs while developing applications and systems. It includes tasks like understanding the importance of users, organizational contexts, and their work practices.

b. Programming

Programming means understanding the fundamental concepts of a programming language. It will be best if students understand software development tasks. However, the span of programming languages and tools depends on the ICT job role

c. Information Systems Development and Acquisition

A depth understanding of development is required to satisfy the customer's or user's requirements. All stages of the lifecycle of an information system should be understood along with requirement analysis. The candidate should know the methodologies and process of system development.

Also, they need to work on the specification, design, construction, testing, operation, and maintenance. 

Topic 5: ICT Management

ICT Management contains the following sub-topics:

a. IT Governance and Organizational Problems

This topic covers fundamental governance principles like structures to encourage moral behavior within organizations and corporations' moral behavior and corporations' moral behavior.

The candidate must be familiar with the organizational context, including business processes, risk, culture, and changes.

b. IT Project Management

IT Project Management is the managing area that requires depth understanding of project management.

It includes team management, cost/benefit analysis, estimation techniques, risk management and analysis, project scheduling, quality assurance, project management tools, reporting, software configuration, and other presentation techniques.

c. ICT Service Management

Service Management assign with the ongoing operation of ICT in organizational circumstances. It also includes frameworks for shaping the interactions of ICT technical personnel with business users or customers. Frameworks like Information Technology Infrastructure Library(ITIL) and Control Objectives for Information and Related Technology( COBIT) guide ICT Service Management. 

d. Security Management

It includes all the computer system security like CPU, Computer peripherals, OS. It contains three types of security physical security, operational security, Procedural Security, and communication security.

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